In the field of work, young people suffer 50% more accidents than adults tend to have. This follows from the first “Annual report on the situation of young people in the workplace risk system”, published this week by the Superintendency of Occupational Risks (SRT). The study also shows that young people show a seasonal behavior with peaks of coverage in the summer months.
In men, the incidence rate of young people is 45% higher than that of workers aged 25 and over (70.0 and 48.2), while in the case of young women, the index is 11 % higher than those of 25 years or more.
If one takes into account the mortality due to occupational accidents or occupational diseases, an interesting contrast can be observed: while young women have a mortality rate 3 times higher than that registered in those of 25 or more years, in the case of men this index it is always lower than that recorded in adults (57.3 and 66.2).
The study, corresponding to surveys taken in 2017, developed the framework of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes youth as an integral part of actions to reduce inequalities and eradicate poverty. It takes into account the warnings and suggestions made by the ILO and the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) that identify young people as a risk group from the point of view of occupational safety. In this regard, they point out that they suffer occupational injuries and diseases to a much greater extent than their adult peers.
The report of the SRT details that, in 2017, the population aged 16 to 24 covered by the occupational hazard system – registered workers in urban and rural areas throughout the country – was 870,028 young people, composed by 34% by women and by 66% of men.
84% of women between the ages of 16 and 24 are employed in: community, social and personal services (38.3%); commerce, restaurants and hotels (33.1%); and finance, insurance, real estate and business services (12.7%). The average gross salary is $ 13,117, equivalent to 45% of the average gross salary of the group of 25 years and over.
Finally, men have a more heterogeneous distribution in the labor market and the prevalence of economic activities varies according to age groups. 74% of males between the ages of 16 and 24 focus on: community, social and personal services (23.9%); commerce, restaurants and hotels (22.1%); manufacturing industries (16.7%); and construction (11.2%); and they receive an average gross salary of $ 14,512, which is equivalent to half the average gross salary of workers 25 years and older.